Obesity affects over 3 million people per year in the United States, and is present throughout all age groups. It is generally the result of taking in more calories than are utilized through exercise and daily activity. A person is considered to be obese when their body-mass-index reaches over 30. Although there is a plethora of fad diets that exist on the market, most doctors agree that the best treatment for obesity is a change in lifestyle, which includes an increase in exercise and daily activity.
Aquatic therapy has been found to be very useful in many people’s quest for weight-loss and improved physical fitness. Activities in water produce a challenge to the cardiovascular system, improved muscular strength, endurance, and flexibility, as well as an improvement in muscle tone.
Exercise can be difficult for those with obesity because of a common inability to move throughout the full range of motion. People experiencing obesity also experience high levels of pressure on their joints when they are on land, but once they are in the water, bringing exercises through the entire recommended range of motion is much easier – allowing their bodies to complete the exercise they need in a way that is gentle on joints and muscles. Your weight in the water is a fraction of what it is on land.
Aqua therapy has the ability to provide an increase in burned calories per minute of exercise, decreases various pains associated with obesity, increase strength and mobility, motion, and endurance, improved balance, and a reduction in swelling.